Anti-Inflammatory refers to the property of a substance or treatment that reduces inflammation. Anti-inflammatory drugs also known as analgesics, remedying pain by reducing inflammation, swelling, and tenderness. Cortisone, Aspirin and Ibuprofen are all forms of anti-inflammatory medications.
Muscle relaxants are medications that relax certain muscles in the body. They are used for strains, sprains, and other muscle injuries that can result in pain, stiffness, and muscle spasms. However, the muscle relaxants do not heal the injury but can help ease discomfort by stopping the muscle spasm. Side effects include drowsiness, dizziness, confusion, light-headedness, and dry mouth. Occasionally, there can be more serious side effects such as: swelling in the face, fainting, slow or fast heartbeat, fever, rash, or burning / stinging / redness of the eyes. Because the muscle relaxants work on the central nervous system taking alcohol or drugs that slow down the central nervous system can cause additional problems.
Opioids are a type of narcotic pain medication that are used to treat pain that has not responded to other medications and are an essential part of the pain management plan. There are many drawbacks to the use of opioids including concerns about addiction, respiratory depression, tolerance, and diversion. Opioids can also have other serious side effects if not used correctly.
Treatment planning tailored to the specific patient aims to safely and effectively treat the problem. When prescribed correctly by a certified specialist studies have shown that addiction to opioids when used for pain relief is low.
Also, tolerance to the medication and dosage has not been proven to be a prevalent limitation in long-term opioid use. Periodic reexamination should be done to assess the nature of the pain compliant and to ensure that the opioid therapy is still indicated.